Gap’s Crown: Cool Climate Grape Nirvana
Gap’s Crown Vineyard is located on a western hillside of Sonoma Mountain in the town of Penngrove, east of
Rohnert Park. Originally positioned in the southern section of the Sonoma Coast AVA, the vineyard is now a
part of America’s newest AVA, the Petaluma Gap. Afternoon wind and accompanying fog are the defining
features of the Petaluma Gap AVA. They enter the Petaluma Gap AVA through a wind gap in the coastal
mountain range stretching east from the Pacific Ocean at Bodega Bay through the town of Petaluma and then
south to San Pablo Bay. Gap’s Crown Vineyard is #26 on the map in the northeast corner of the AVA.
Gap’s Crown Vineyard’s modest slope and southwest facing vines at 320 to 820 feet elevation expose it to the
maritime elements. However, the vineyard was carefully planted with most vines on the hillside above the fog
line to encourage even sunlight exposure during the final stages of fruit ripening, while a lingering fog pocket
around the vineyard at the end of the growing season allows the grapes to slowly develop sugar and phenolic
ripeness in unison. An aerial view of the vineyard’s location:
The vineyard was originally owned by Premier Pacific Vineyards in conjunction with CalPERS. Bill Price, the
owner of Classic Wines, LLC, that includes Price Family Vineyards (ownership of Durell Vineyard, Gap’s Crown
Vineyard and other premium vineyard properties in Sonoma County), bought the vineyard in early 2013 for $13
million. Gap’s Crown Vineyard is currently an Estate property of Three Sticks Wines, also owned by Bill Price. A
section of about 37 acres is leased long-term to Kosta Browne.
Gap’s Crown Vineyard was planted in four phases from 2002 to 2005. The current reported acreage is
conflicting, but Jonah Chernoff of Three Sticks Wines told me the vineyard has 106 acres of Pinot Noir and 32
acres of Chardonnay. According to Atlas Vineyard Management, who farm and manage the vineyard, the clonal
makeup is as follows: Pinot Noir - Rochioli selection, Swan selection, Dijon 114, 115, 667, 777, and “828,” on
110R, 101-14, 3309 and 420A rootstocks; Chardonnay - Dijon 76, 95, 96, 124, and 548 on Riparia Glorie,
16-16, 3309 and 420A rootstocks. All vines are on a VSP trellis.
The vineyard, located adjacent Sangiacomo Roberts Road Vineyard (see Google Map), is composed of
multiple blocks (see Google map above), with two-thirds planted at a density of 2,264 vines per acre and one-third
planted at a density of 1,361 vines per acre. The predominant soil type is Goulding-Toomes Complex, that
is well-draining, iron-rich, brown clay loam with significant volcanic rock, but there is a variety of soil types.
According to Sojourn Cellars’ winemaker, Erich Bradley, the rocky soils and resultant excellent drainage are the
defining features of the vineyard.
According to the Winkler Index, the Gap’s Crown Vineyard is in Region I with 1,900-2,100 growing degree
days. The vineyard is located in a cold air pocket and is the last place to get fog in the morning and the last
place for the fog to lift in the morning. The coolness often leads to Chardonnay begin harvested after the Pinot
Noir. The average rainfall is 31.1 inches per year.
Through the years, grapes from Gap’s Crown Vineyard have been sold to many wineries: Anaba Wines,
Armida, Black Kite Cellars, Blue Farm, Bruliam Wines, Bryter Estates, Expression 38, Fulcrum Wines,
Furthermore, Gary Farrell Vineyards & Winery, Guarachi Family Wines, Harrington Wines, Kosta Browne,
Landmark Vineyards, LUTUM, MacPhail Wines, Patiné Cellars, Paul Hobbs Winery, Patz & Hall, Ram’s Gate
Winery, Roger Roessler Wines, Saxon Brown, Sojourn Cellars, Three Sticks Wines, Trombetta Family Wines,
Twomey Cellars, WALT Wines, Wind Gap Wines, Wren Hop Vineyards. Most of the grapes have gone into
vineyard-designated bottlings. Kosta Browne has the most experience with this vineyard, dating back to 2006.
The excellence of this vineyard, especially as the vines have matured, is indicated by the consistently high
quality and scores of the Gaps Crown Pinot Noir and Chardonnay wines regardless of the producer. When I
surveyed all the Gap’s Crown vineyard-designated wines I reviewed in the PinotFile from the 2012-2016
vintages, I found 21 Pinot Noir wines scored 90 to 95, except for three wines that scored 89 (2) and 87 (1). I
then looked at all the Gap’s Crown vineyard-designated Pinot Noir wines reviewed in the Wine Enthusiast from
the 2012-2016 vintages and found 38 Pinot Noirs rated 90 to 96 and only 3 rated below 90. Regarding
Chardonnay, there were 6 Gap’s Crown vineyard-designated wines that scored 90 to 95 from the 2012-2016
vintages in the PinotFile, and 0 below 90. There were 19 Gap’s Crown vineyard-designated Chardonnays
reviewed in the Wine Enthusiast from the 2012-2016 vintages and all scored 90 to 95, with 0 wines scoring
less than 90.
These figures indicate that both Pinot Noir and Chardonnay are consistently excellent from Gap’s Crown
Vineyard beginning with the 2012 vintage (prior to that vintage grapes were often blended in Sonoma Coast
bottlings). The revelation for the consumer is that the name Gap’s Crown Vineyard on a bottle of Pinot Noir or
Chardonnay is almost a sure thing. There are only a precious few similar vineyards in California that excel in
BOTH Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
Here are a few recently reviewed Gap’s Crown Vineyard wines (the words, “Petaluma Gap,” will start appearing
on labels with the 2017 vintage):
2016 Fulcrum Gap’s Crown Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.3% alc., 224 cases, $68.
Clones “828,” and 667. Aged 11 months in French oak barrels, 40% new. Bottled unfined and
Dark garnet color in the glass. Intoxicating aromas of dark fruits, spice, violets, char and
vanilla. A full-on charge of purple and black fruits attack with a vengeance, envelope the palate,
and hang on through an intense, sappy and lengthy finish. About as big as Pinot Noir can be
without being jammy. Silken in texture with tame tannins. An ultimate expression of Pinot’s
exuberance, encouraging contemplation and gloating. Any Miracle Gro in this vineyard? Still
extraordinary when tasted the following day from a previously opened and re-corked bottle. Year in and year
out, this is Fulcrum’s best wine.
2015 LUTUM Gap’s Crown Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.0% alc., $60. This label is a
collaboration between winemaker Gavin Chanin and Bill Price. Lutum is Latin for soil or dirt. Grapes picked at
2:00 a.m., harvest Brix 24.0º. 100% de-stemmed, 5-day cold soak. Aged 15 months in French oak barrels, 25%
new and bottled unfiltered in March 2017.
Moderate garnet color in the glass. Aromas of cherry, fertile earth,
and leafy herbs lead off. Mid weight in style with redeeming flavors of dark red stone and berry fruits with an
underlying compliment of toasty oak. Gracious tannins ply the background and the wine finishes with juicy
succulence. Noticeably more expressive and cohesive when tasted the following day from a previously opened
and re-corked bottle.
2015 LUTUM Gap’s Crown Vineyard Sonoma Coast Chardonnay
13.2% alc., $50. Fruit picked in the early
morning at 22.3º Brix, pressed and put into French oak barrels, 25% new. After fermentation and aging for 15
months, the wine was lightly fined and bottled unfiltered in March 2017.
Moderate golden yellow color in the
glass. Aromas of lemon, pineapple, crème brûlée, buttered toast and vanilla leap from the glass. Enters with
rich flavors of lemon, pineapple and pear and finishes with an arrow of bright acidity as a lemon-scented note.
Slightly creamy and soothing in texture, with some lingering fruit-scented finish.
2015 Rams Gate Gap’s Crown Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.4% alc., pH 3.30, TA 0.58, 333
cases, $72. A new addition to the Rams Gate portfolio. This vineyard is located in the Petaluma Gap AVA and
consists of 138 acres ranging in elevation from 300 to 840 feet above sea level. Aged 11 months in French oak
barrels, 40% new.
Moderately dark garnet color in the glass. Reserved aromas of black cherry, blackberry,
plum and old cellar entice. Plump and luxurious, yet suave and caressing in the mouth, with a boat load of dark
fruit. The sap is balanced with a backbone of fine-grain tannins and gracious acidity as well as supportive oak. I
can’t emphasize enough the intensity of fruit flavor and must score the wine high simply on fruit audacity. Like
Olympic figure skater Nathan Chen this wine pushes the envelope.
2016 Three Sticks Gap’s Crown Vineyard Sonoma Coast Chardonnay
14.5% alc., pH 3.37, TA 0.65, 315
cases, $55. Clones 76 and 124. Fermented and aged 11 months in French oak barrels, 26% new. 100%
Moderately light golden yellow color in the glass. Aromas of lemon, pineapple and
pear arrive slowly over time in the glass. Creamy in the mouth, with a gentle soul, offering expressive flavors of
lemon-lime, Asian pear, baking spices, caramel and crème brûlée. Nicely composed and easygoing with some
Just this week, I met with Sojourn Cellars winemaker Erich Bradley, and we tasted through the winery’s 2016
vintage fall releases. One of the Chardonnays is from Gap’s Crown Vineyard and a preliminary review follows.
2016 Sojourn Cellars Gap’s Crown Vineyard Sonoma Coast Chardonnay
14.2% alc., pH 3.47, TA 0.63,
300 cases, $45. Release spring 2018. Clone 95 planted in 2004 and clone 76 also planted in 2004. Clusters
are typically small with prominent hen and chick berries. Gently whole-cluster pressed, barrel fermented with
native yeast in French oak, 30% new. 75% malolactic fermentation.
Moderately light golden yellow color in the
glass. Fresh aromas of citrus, pear, and sea breeze. Discrete richness with juicy flavors of lemon-lime and
grapefruit. Slightly creamy in the mouth, with a refreshingly upbeat finish.