On a High at Pinot Paradise Weekend
Santa Cruz has been in the news of late. The city is fighting with the city of Huntington Beach in Southern
California over the use of the name, “Surf City,” and the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk is celebrating its 100th
anniversary. The boardwalk was once promoted as the “Coney Island of the West,” and is now the last of its
kind on the West Coast. It is a throwback to simpler times, when ferris wheels, wooden roller coasters, and
cotton candy were part of everyone’s childhood memories. The boardwalk is still going strong and this year
there will be fireworks, concerts, and appearances by the Moscow Circus to commemorate the anniversary.
The backdrop for this photo of the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk is the Santa Cruz Mountains. There is some big
news coming from these mountains as well. A hardy brotherhood of passionate Pinot Noir producers, fueled by
mountain spirit, are bringing some distinguished wines to the marketplace. Production is still very small
(currently about 1,350 acres cultivated), and most of the wine is snapped up by locals, but the newest band of
eclectic vintners are pushing themselves to greatness. This has not always been the case, for the Santa Cruz
Mountains has been known for its eccentric and Bohemian residents who had more interest in that other crop
you could smoke rather than the one you drank. Most of the vineyards are very small family-owned affairs and
in the past have not been properly managed for the production of fine Pinot Noir. Today, there is a revolution
ongoing, with modern and focused viticulture featuring new trellising (vertical shoot positioning), canopy management,
and planting of Dijon clones. The populace is now getting high on its wines and Pinot Noir is finding a
comfortable home in this California paradise.
The history of winegrowing in the Santa Cruz Mountains goes back to at least the 1860s when George Jarvis
planted vines in the Vine Hill area of Santa Cruz County. By the late 1880s, there were thirty-eight, mostly small wineries. The largest winery was the Ben Lomond Wine Co., on Highway 9, north of Felton, which
made 40,000 gallons annually. There were 1,600 planted acres by 1905, with vineyards concentrated
in the Felton, Bonny Doon, Vine Hill, Ben Lomond and Boulder Creek areas on the western side of the
Santa Cruz Mountains. Phylloxera did not easily find its way into the mountains and most of the vines
were healthy into the 1930s. After Repeal, the Italians opened several small wineries and one, Bargetto,
is still in production and is Santa Cruz’s oldest.
In Santa Clara County on the eastern side of the Santa Cruz Mountains, Charles LeFranc was a pioneering
commercial winegrower. He imported several grape varieties in 1858 to plant his New
Almaden Vineyards. Leland Stanford was a noted winegrower as well, with 350 acres near Mission San
Jose and subsequently 158 acres in the Menlo Park area of San Mateo County. Agoston Haraszthy
planted vineyards between 1853 and 1856 at Crystal Springs Reservoir in San Mateo County. In 1878,
Paul Masson came to San Jose from the Burgundy area of France. He developed a vineyard with cuttings
from his friend, Louis Latour, and started a winery in the Santa Cruz Mountains adjacent to Mount
Eden. Martin Ray grew up in the foothills below Mount Eden and became a
protégé of Paul Masson. Just after Prohibition ended, Martin Ray purchased
the Paul Masson Champagne Company from Masson and began his career
as a winemaker. In 1942, he sold the Paul Masson property and shortly thereafter,
moved up the hill, and planted his first vineyard at Mount Eden to Pinot
Noir and Chardonnay (Cabernet was added in the 1950s). He called his estate
“Martin Ray,” and it was the first boutique wine model and the first to
produce a 100% Pinot Noir varietal table wine in California. Martin Ray’s
years on the mountain are recorded in a book authored by his widow titled, Vineyards in the Sky.
Prior to the 1960s, most of the vineyards in Santa Clara County were planted in the valley and in foothills
(what is, today, known as the Silicon Valley). Gradually, the vineyards moved into the mountainous
portion of Santa Clara County. David Bruce was a practicing dermatologist when he developed an
interest in making wine. Martin Ray inspired him to take winemaking seriously. The David Bruce
Winery in the Santa Cruz Mountains was bonded in 1964 and Bruce made his first commercial Pinot
Noir in 1966. His early trials with Pinot Noir were marked by hits and misses, with
Brettanomyces causing problems in a number of his wines. In those early years,
wine writer Matt Kramer was less than enthusiastic about Bruce’s Pinot Noirs.
Bruce’s combination of passion and scientific curiosity prevailed and he eventually
produced Pinot Noirs that brought considerable acclaim. He was one of the first
California winemakers to use whole-berry fermentation in making red wines, and
to advocate foot crushing, extensive grape skin contact, and small-barrel French
There are a number of lesser-known, but important, winegrowing pioneers in the
Santa Cruz Mountains. Their story is told in detail in several books including: Like
Modern Edens:Winegrowing in Santa Clara Valley and Santa Cruz Mountains, 1798-1981, written by
Charles Sullivan and published in 1982, A Companion to California Wine, also authored by Charles Sullivan
(1998), and more recently, Mountain Vines, Mountain Wines: Exploring the Wineries of the Santa
Cruz Mountains, written by Casey Young and Ken Dawes (2003).
The Santa Cruz Mountains Viticultural Appellation was federally approved in 1981 and was one of the
first American viticultural areas to be defined by geophysical, altitudinal, and climatic factors. The
appellation includes the Santa Cruz Mountain range from Half Moon Bay in the north to Mount Madonna
north of Gilroy in the south. The east and west boundaries are defined by elevation, including mountainous
land above 400 feet on the western side, and from 400 to 800 feet on the eastern side. The
squiggly outline of the AVA reflects the fog line that surrounds the mountains.
This large appellation has approximately 350,000 acres in three counties: Santa Cruz County to the
west, Santa Clara County to the east, and San Mateo County to the north. Santa Clara County has the
most vineyard acreage. About 1,350 acres are planted to vineyards in the appellation, most of which
are 1 to 20-acre plantings on moderately steep hillsides above the fog line. There are about six 40-
acre vineyards, and Beauregard Vineyards, the largest grower, manages about 100 acres. Because of
the limited number of vines, many wineries source grapes from outside the appellation. However, it is
the Santa Cruz Mountain fruit that is most prized and that produces distinctive mountain-grown Pinot
The quality of the Pinot Noir grapes grown in the Santa Cruz Mountains appellation is unquestioned, but the challenges in growing wine in this mountainous terrain with its harsh climate are numerous.
The vineyard sites are often rugged and remote, irrigation water is very limited or nonexistent, pests
such as birds (all vineyards must be netted), deer, and gophers are ever-present, skilled labor is hard
to find, top soil is poor in many sites, and yields are typically less than two tons-per-acre. Randall
Grahm began his career in the wine business in the early 1980s, hoping to make a great California
Pinot Noir in the Santa Cruz Mountains. His 1975 Pinot Noir was so promising, he started a winery in
the region called Bonny Doon. He soon realized, however, that he could make better Pinot Noir from
Oregon grapes, and by 1985, had budded over his entire
vineyard to Rhone varietals (most recently, however,
Grahm plans to begin crafting Pinot Noir once
The 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake in October,
1982, was a blow to the wine industry in the mountains.
Many wineries were destroyed, but a number of producers
rebuilt and persisted, including Jerold O’Brien
of Silver Mountain (whose vineyard at recent bud
break in mid-March is pictured), and Dave and Anne
Moulton of Burrell School. A number of well-heeled
Silicon Valley entrepreneurs have found the mountains
appealing leading to a noticeable increase in
planted acreage in the last several years. T.J. Rodgers
(Cypress Semiconductor) at Clos de la Tech (see feature
later in this issue) and Ed Muns (former HP executive), with Muns Vineyard (also featured), among
others, have persisted. However, faced with the hardships and realities of farming grapes here, several
less-hardy opportunists have abandoned their plans. It is the small and determined family producers
whose wines often best exemplify the unique terroir and pinosity of the region. A number of
very experienced vineyard consultants including Prudy Foxx and Greg Stokes, are actively assisting
growers in choosing appropriate sites, and offering planting and management expertise. As recently
as 2003, there were 54 wineries, both bonded and virtual, today there are about 90 wineries.
Like many cooler growing areas that attract Pinot Noir growers, the Santa Cruz Mountains is a marriage
of fog and sun. The grapes ripen in cool temperatures as the daily fog rolls in sometime in the late
afternoon or early evening, with the sun burning the fog off the next morning. The growing season is
extended, creating grapes with complex and intense flavors and lively acidity. There are four main
growing areas from north to south: Portola Valley, Bonny Doon, Summit, and Corralitos The Pinot
Noirs from the Santa Cruz Mountains have lovely aromatics, luscious red and dark fruit flavors, soft
tannins, and are usually packaged in a light- to medium-bodied sensual wine so juicy you can ‘nibble’
at it. In the 1980s, Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noirs had a reputation for being rustic, chunky, and
tannic. This was based on wines from Thomas Fogerty and Santa Cruz Mountain Vineyards, among
others, who were using markedly different winemaking techniques compared to those employed now.
Today, the Pinot Noirs are very modern in style with incredible value-to-price ratios. My recent visit to
the Santa Cruz Mountains for the Pinot Paradise event reinforced my belief that these wines deserve
every pinotphile’s serious interest.
“It’s a hard grape to grow … it’s thin-skinned, temperamental, ripens early … It’s not a survivor like
Cabernet, which can just grow anywhere and thrive even when it’s neglected. No, Pinot needs constant
care and attention… .it can only grow in these really specific, little, tucked-away corners of the
world. And only the most patient and nurturing of growers can do it, really. Only somebody who
really takes the time to understand Pinot’s potential can then coax it into its fullest expression.” ... ‘Sideways’
The 3rd Annual Pinot Paradise, sponsored by the Santa Cruz
Mountains Winegrowers Association, was held March 17 and 18,
2007. On Saturday, March 17, the “Pathway to Pinot Paradise”
featured open houses at 14 Santa Cruz Mountains wineries who
offered barrel and library wine tastings. The “Technical
Sessions” and “Grand Cruz Tasting” were held on Sunday at
Villa Ragusa in downtown Campbell. 31 wineries were pouring
their latest Pinot Noir releases and food was provided by many
local restaurants and artisan food suppliers. The highlight of the tasting was a silent auction of double
magnums from each of the participating wineries and a Grand Cuvee Jeroboam containing some Pinot
Noir from every winery blended into a single bottle. Photos (clockwise) show Dave Moulton at Burrell
School who applied the labels and wax seals to the double magnums; the Jeroboam label, and some of
the double magnums lined up at the event.
“The Evolution of North American Pinot Noir”
John Haeger is the distinguished author of North American Pinot Noir and a former wine writer and
columnist for numerous wine publications. Currently he is updating his book, first published in 2004,
to include profiles and tasting notes on many Pinot Noir producers in addition to the 70 included in the
first issue. Haeger brings a scholarly approach to the history of Pinot Noir in North America. Some
excerpts from his talk are presented below.
Worldwide, there are about 213,000 acres of Pinot Noir, 40,000 of which are in America. Pinot Noir
accounts for 2% of worldwide grape vineyard acreage, and about 1.1% of worldwide wine production.
In California, recent figures show 70,000+ tons of Pinot Noir were crushed, about 2% of the total grape
crush. In Oregon there was less total grape tonnage crushed, 17.000+, but 50% of the total was Pinot
Noir. The most widely planted grape variety in the world is Airen, a Spanish grape used in brandy!
Pinot Noir originated from a single alpha vine somewhere in northeast France or Germany. The exact
date of appearance is unclear, but certainly postdated the Romans. The name appears for the first time
in the 14th century.
Through the years there have been many paranyms for Pinot Noir in California: Frank Pinot, Noirien,
Pinot de Pernand, Pinot de Coulanges, Pinot from Champagne, Cote d’Or Grape, Red Pinot, Pinot St.
George, and Black Burgundy.
The first person to import Pinot Noir to the United States from Europe could have been any of several
candidates: Pierre Pellier, Agoston Haraszthy, or Charles LeFranc. The grape was in California by
1850. The largest pre-prohibition planting of Pinot Noir was at Fountaingrove Vineyard, north of Santa
Rosa in the 1930s. Fountaingrove’s 1935 vintage was actually labeled Sonoma Pinot Noir. In 1889, the
University of California established an experimental five-acre grape vineyard near the town of Jackson
in the Sierra Foothills of California. Professor Eugene Hilgard was the head of this project. The Jackson
station was closed in 1903 as it was determined not to be an ideal location for viticulture. Because of its
isolated location, the vineyard survived phylloxera, and when rediscovered in 1963, the surviving
vines were disease-free and cuttings were sent to the university’s vineyard at Davis. These cuttings
became known as the Jackson clone (UCD 8 and 16) and they have the distinction of being the earliest
documented imports of Pinot Noir still cultivated in North America. The block of Pinot Noir planted at
Hanzell in Sonoma in 1952 is the oldest continuously cultivated Pinot Noir vines in the United States.
“Barrels - From Forest to Furnace”
Jerome Aubin is a Frenchman who grew up in Burgundy, near Beaune, in a region of forests known for
producing French oak barrels. He came to the United States in 1994 to represent Tonnelerie Rousseau
headquartered in Burgundy, France. Recently, he began producing his own California Pinot Noir from
the Sonoma Coast and Russian River Valley under the Verve label. Aubin presented a very enlightening
discussion on the importance of barrels in the Pinot Noir aging process.
The use of oak in winemaking dates back 2000 years. The Celts introduced the barrel as a wine vessel
to the Romans who had used fragile amphoras. Originally, oak was used as a flavor addition, along
with herbs, to improve the taste of crudely made wines of the time.
The oak barrel’s purpose, aside from being a vessel, is to age wine and add a subtle oak flavor. Oak
integration is a key word to describe a harmonious marriage between the fruit and the oak. Additionally,
the barrel’s shape enables the sedimentation of wine to occur naturally. Most barrels used for
California’s premium wines are French. Eastern European oak, which is the same species as French
oak, has become more popular. but the Eastern European forests have not been as well managed as
those in France. Aubin is now importing Hungarian cooperage, prized for its tight grain, reduced tannin,
and interesting flavor profile. American oak is not an option for Pinot Noir, in part because of high
After the oak is harvested, it is cut to rough stave size and split mechanically or manually with axes
following the grain of the wood. The staves are stacked and open-air dried for a minimum of two
years. This aging in wind, rain and sun serves to diminish the wood’s harsh, sappy flavors as well as
reducing the excessive oak tannins. An increasing number of premium winemakers are choosing to
extend barrel seasoning to 36 months to guarantee the elimination of green tannins and phenols.
The aged staves are sorted and the edges are jointed in order to form a circle when bent and assembled.
The staves are temporarily circled at one end to form an open cone shape. The is called
“raising the barrel.” The shell is heated over an open fire, causing water in the wood to steam, which
allows the staves to be bent without cracking. This takes about 20 minutes. Afterward, a cable and
winch are used to close the other end which is then bound. This is known as the first fire-bending. The
second firing, also about 20 minutes, conditions the barrel and relieves stress. The interior becomes
drier and hard where it is closed to the fire, while the outside softens and stretches as it warms.
There are three important decisions the winemaker must make with regard to his cooperage of choice.
(1) Forest selection. Half of the quality French oak forests harvested for cooperage or furniture are
owned by the government. The Office National des Forets (ONF) was founded in 1966 to maintain,
harvest and manage the main forests of France. The wood is inspected by the cooper or wood
broker in the forest and bought at the end-of-the-year auctions when the tree’s sap level is the
lowest (winter time). A winemaker can choose from a number of oak forests. Many of the popular
forests are Limousin, Nevers, Allier, “Center of France,” and Vosges. Bertranges, Troncais and
Chatillon are sub-forests of larger forest areas such as Nevers, Allier and Burgundy. The wood
types can be loose, open grain to tight, closed grain. Some winemakers focus on grain tightness
rather than forest origin when looking for consistency. Wines aged in looser grain barrels acquire
oak flavors faster (6-10 months). Wines aged in tighter grain barrels have slow oak extraction and
longer aging time (18-24 months). Tight grained oak barrels release phenolics faster, but they are
not as harsh or astringent. More and more coopers blend single-forests’ woods together to guarantee
more consistency and dependability year after year. It is becoming increasingly difficult for
cooperages to source from a particular forest as the wood supply of the best trees is limited and
scarce. Moreover, many winemakers realize that seasoning and toasting are more essential than
the source in obtaining a quality barrel.
(2) Seasoning. This refers to the amount of time the oak is left outside to air-dry in the elements. The
average period is 18-24 months. Oak with 24 months of seasoning is best for programs where the
Pinot Noir is aged 10-12 months (about average for California). Oak seasoned for 36 months is best
when longer aging is planned.
(3) Toasting. The regimen for toasting varies considerably among different coopers. Each cooper has
his own recipe to best toast and “cook” a barrel. Barrels fashioned from the same tree, fired to the
same toast level, but made by two different coopers may have totally different flavors. Winemakers
have the opportunity to choose the cooper and toast level that best suits their wine. Without
toasting, the barrel imparts green and astringent tannins. Toasting tones down phenolic compounds,
adds flavors, and contributes texture, weight, and aromatics to the finished wine. One can
choose from light, medium or heavy toast levels, each of which has a significant flavor profile
ranging from slightly toasty (grilled bread) to caramelized (butterscotch) to smoky (bacon) A
heavily toasted barrel can even be brought to the burnt point (char). Over the last five to eight
years, most winemakers prefer more gentle toasting in the light to moderate range. (According to
Wines & Vines, July 2005, the flavor compounds from oak released by toasting are vanillin, guaiacol
- char-like smoky aroma, eugenol - a clove-like smell, furfural - sweet butterscotch and caramel
aromas, ellagitannins - astringent taste reduced at heavy toast levels, and lactones - smell of
coconut, but in wine smell oaky as well.)
Other factors go into the choice of barrel including stave thickness, size , and shape of barrel. The
Burgundian barrel is short and fat in comparison to the Bordeaux barrel which is taller and narrower.
There is increasing interest in the use of larger oak vessels for both fermentation and aging. A wood
fermenting vessel allows for a gentle fermentation curve, extended fermentation, better retention of
heat, and less required intervention. There are some complex chemical advantages as well which I
won’t go into. Many more different sizes of oak cask are now offered, with some producers believing
that larger containers such as a 450- or 500-liter puncheon or a 300-liter hogshead suit certain types of
wine better than the standard 225-liter barrique.
The demand for oak barrels is markedly less than it used to be. In the late 1980s and much of the
1990s, the world’s winemakers seemed convinced that the shortcut to wine quality was to invest in
small barrels which would magically confer sophistication and texture on even substandard fruit. Today
things are different with winemakers in France using on average 20% new oak, and in California
40% new oak. Wine drinkers want fruit and even sometimes unadorned fruit. Many wine producers
are re-using barrels for up to six or more vintages rather than buying new barrels every year, sometimes
replacing the odd stave with a new one. Others are turning to other ways to give oak treatment
without the expense of buying barrels. Examples are “planks in tanks,” oak staves or planks
suspended in stainless steel tanks. Even cheaper are ways of mingling wine with small fragments of
oak, whether small chips in porous bags in a tank, or increasingly popular, shavings. These are
offered with every possible nuance that a top quality barrel can offer: a range of toast, and Vosges,
Allier or Nevers forest origin. An alternative technique has been widely adopted to make younger,
cheaper reds more palatable. Micro-oxygenation (“Microx”) involves bubbling tiny amounts of oxygen
through the wine which, in a very crude way, mimics the sort of reactions with oxygen encouraged
by barrel aging. It rarely benefits very fine wine, but it can rush coarse, tough young reds on to the
marketplace by softening all of their rough edges. Still another technique popularized by Chris
Ringland, the Kiwi behind one of Australia’s first cult wines, Three Rivers, is called “Macrox.” This
involves deliberately exposing the fermenting must, particularly of deep-flavored, intensely rich red
wines, to as much air as possible while they are made. By fermenting them in vats with wide, open
tops and deliberately aerating them often so as to soften the tannins, the texture becomes more
velvety and the risk of any subsequent reduction and its accompanying sulfide stink are minimized.
Santa Cruz Grand Cruz Tasting
I really enjoyed this event. The winemakers were eager to show off their latest Pinot Noirs and their
were fans of every winery in attendance. These walk-around tastings offer only a brief glimpse of the
wines, but stellar wines can leave a lasting impression. All of the Pinot Noirs poured at this event were
made from grapes from the Santa Cruz Mountains. I was able to taste every producer’s wines at the
event and here are my favorites.
Burrell School Vineyards & Winery Located at a historic red schoolhouse dating to 1854 on
Summit Road, Dave and Anne Moulton grow and produce premium estate wines. 2005 Burrell School
Santa Cruz Mountains Estate Pinot Noir (barrel sample). The Pinot Noir from the estate vineyard
seems to get better every year and this one is a blockbuster. Note the matching hats and shirts on the
Burrell School pour gang. Www.burrellschool.com.
Clos La Chance Winery A family-owned winery specializing in handcrafted
wines from estate vineyards (150 acres in San Martin) and the Santa
Cruz Mountains. Owners Bill and Brenda Murphy established CK Vines, a
vineyard maintenance and installation company, specializing in “back-yard”
vineyard development in the Santa Cruz Mountains appellation. The rugged
topography and costs associated with planting in the mountains limits the size
and number of vineyards. With CK Vines supplying financial and management
support, the Murphys are assured of a continuing supply of high-quality
fruit. Two wines poured were outstanding: 2004 Clos La Chance Santa Cruz
Mountains Pinot Noir 14.5% alc.,2334 cases, $30, and 2004 Clos La Chance
Biagini Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir 14.2% alc., 280 cases, $40. The
Santa Cruz Mountains blend is ready to drink now, while the Biagini is a heftier and more complex release
that could be cellared awhile. Highly recommended. Www.closlachance.com
Clos Tita Winery David and Britta Estrada have a one-acre estate vineyard (700 vines) planted in
1990 at 900 feet in the Scott’s Valley region of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The vineyard is worked entirely
by hand, and every vine is pruned by David, who is also the winemaker and cellar master. As a
practicing dentist, from September to December he has purple fingers under his gloves in the office.
The wines show a unique and personalized expression of the mountain terroir. The vines are short,
closely spaced, and dry farmed. Production is tiny, 75-150 cases of Estate Pinot Noir and a couple hundred
cases of a Pinot Noir Cuvee from purchased Santa Cruz Mountain grapes. The Estate Pinot Noir is
aged for two years in 75% new French oak. I had the opportunity to taste both of the latest releases at the Pinot Cruz tasting and also at my home. Wines are sold at the winery. Www.clos-tita.com, 831-439-9235.
2004 Clos Tita Estate Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir
15.6% alc., $37. A touch of Chardonnay and Viognier from the estate vineyard
is included in this wine.
This is a vin de guard wine for the mountains. Complex and rich aromas of
cherries, soy and some savage lead to a deep dark cherry and cassis palate with appealing pepper flavors
and earthy overtones. Even at this high alcohol, there is enough fruit and tannin for balance. Needs
Domenico Wines This newer winery with an Italian sole has a tasting room and event venue on
the San Francisco Peninsula in San Carlos (1697 Industrial Road). Since beginning 18 months ago, the
winery has won 69 medals in competitions! The winemaker is Dominick Chirichillo. A wide range of
wines are produced from the Santa Cruz Mountains and purchased grapes from other appellations in
California, primarily Amador County, including whites (Malvasia Blanca, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon
Blanc, Viognier, and Chardonnay) and reds (Pinot Noir, Nebbiolo, Aglianico, Barbera, Sangiovese,
Zinfandel, Cabernet Franc, Pinotage, Merlot, Cabernet, Meritage, and Syrah). The winery also
operates The Bacchus Winemaking Club where wine enthusiasts can make quality wine at the facility
under the direction of Chirichillo. Www.domenicowines.com. Www.bacchuswinemakingclub.com.
Hallcrest Vineyards Hallcrest is the most award winning winery in the Santa Cruz Mountains.
John Schumacher and family purchased the site in Felton in1987. It had been operating as Felton Empire
Winery and they restored the historical name of the property to Hallcrest. John is crafting some
really exciting Pinot Noirs. The quaint tasting
room at Hallcrest is an ideal spot to sip Pinot. Www.hallcrestvineyards.com.
Hunter Hill Vineyard & Winery This is a newer family owned boutique winery in the hills of
Soquel in the Santa Cruz Mountains appellation. The property was the old Manildi farm, where apples
and stone fruits as well as grapes were grown back at the turn of the century. In 1992, Christine and
Vann Slatter replaced the old apple trees on one sunny hillside with Merlot grapes. Vann started making
wine in his basement and encouraged by the results, expanded the 6-acre estate vineyard to include
Pinot Noir and Syrah. A tasting room on the property is open weekends.
There also is a 2004 Hunter Hill Hellenthal Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot
Noir ($25) that has been highly awarded. Www.hunterhillwines.com.
Kings Mountain Vineyard This is a small estate vineyard located
in the town of Woodside. The vineyard (about 1 acre) was planted in 1992
on a private estate that has existed in Woodside since the late 1800s. The
vines are dry farmed, hand-maintained and harvested. The Pinot Noirs
are produced in very small lots. 1998 Kings Mountain Vineyard Santa
Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir and 2003 Kings Mountain Santa Cruz
Mountains Pinot Noir were both fine. I was particularly taken by the
1998, the oldest wine poured at this event, which was still vibrant with
plenty of fruit, spice, and verve. Phone 650-851-7551 or e-mail
firstname.lastname@example.org for prices and availability.
McHenry Vineyard This producer was a new find for me. I just love the style of Pinot Noir here -
full of finesse and modeled after the wines of Volnay in the Cote de Beaune of France. Henry McHenry
is an anthropology professor at the University of California Davis and quite a charming man whose
personality is reflected in his wines. The McHenry Vineyard on Bonny Doon Road was planted in 1972
by Dean, Jane, Henry and Linda McHenry. The old vines produced numerous awards including best
Pinot Noir in the state at the California State Fair. The vineyard succumbed to Pierce’s Disease in 1992,
but was replanted in 1997, the last summer of senior partner Chancellor (UC Santa Cruz) Dean
2003 McHenry Estate Vineyard Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir
172 cases, $19.50. This wine was aged for nearly two years in Francois Freres oak barrels and a year in bottle before
The winemaker, Henry McHenry said it best: “A delicate and graceful wine with a soft fruit
scent. It has a velvet texture and reminds one of great Volnay in its tenderness, subtlety, and floweriness.”
I just flipped over this as well as the 2004 vintage which has yet to be released. This is a perfect example
of what Pinot Noir can be, but so rarely is. A lightly colored, elegant wine that is blessed with striking flavor
and complexity. The price is just ridiculous considering the quality.
Luckily, I bid and won the double
magnum of this wine and had Henry sign the label. Sometimes Pinot speaks to you.
Pleasant Valley Vineyards This vineyard is in Corralitos, only five miles from the Monterey
Bay. Planted in 1996, the vines are all Dijon clones tucked next to a grove of coastal redwoods. Craig
and Cathy Handley are the proud owners who like to say that “the Pinot Noir has passed through their
hands at several stages in the process from soil to glass.” Their wines were chosen to be poured at the
recent World of Pinot Noir. There are a number of musicians in the family, reflected in the unique
label. The winery
website is www.pvvines.com.
Craig has spearheaded the Corralitos Wine Trail which consists of five relatively new small wineries
located in the most southern region of the Santa Cruz Mountains appellation (Alfaro Family Vineyards,
Natal Vineyards, Nicholson Vineyards, Pleasant Valley Vineyards, and Windy Oaks Estate Vineyards &
Winery). The wineries are open for special appellation events such as Passport Saturday on April 21
or by appointment. The close vicinity of the vineyards allows one to see all five in a day. A map of the
Corralitos area is on the next page.
Santa Cruz Mountain Vineyard This is one of the Santa Cruz Mountain’s oldest heritage vineyards.
Ken Burnap was the co-owner of a distinguished restaurant in Orange County, California, The
Hobbit, and had difficulty sourcing good Pinot Noir from California in the 1970s. He had studied
Burgundy for years and set up a number of criteria for Pinot Noir vineyard success. The Santa Cruz
Mountains met the criteria best and in 1974 he bought the Santa Cruz Mountain Vineyard which had
been originally established in 1863 as the Jarvis Brothers Vineyard. Burnap sold his restaurant, started
the winery in 1975, and devoted himself to producing distinctive mountain Pinot Noirs. The wines were
rustic, acidic and tannic, and took years to mature. They were nothing like other California Pinot Noirs
then or since, but his wines had character and remain an important legacy in the history of Pinot Noir
in California. Jeff Emery came on board to assist Ken in 1979 and has never left. In 2004, Ken sold the
property on Jarvis Road and the winemaking operations were moved with Jeff to a new location near
Boulder Creek. The winery will be moving once again to the west side of Santa Cruz in 2008. Dennis
Hoey has joined Jeff as an assistant. Jeff continues the tradition of wines that strongly reflect the terroir,
but has improved the acid, fruit and tannin balance to make the Pinot Noirs more approachable early
on. His latest releases include the 2002 Santa Cruz Mountain Vineyard Estate Pinot Noir 13.1% alc.,
208 cases, $28, and the 2004 Santa Cruz Mountain Vineyard Branciforte Creek Pinot Noir. $34.
The Estate bottling comes from the original Jarvis Vineyard which is a remnant of the much larger
Jarvis Brother’s Vineyard. The vineyard has been continuously operated since 1863 with two replantings.
The current vines were planted in 1969 and 1970. In most years, yields are less than one
ton per acre. The 2002 Estate is one sturdy, hearty and full-flavored Pinot Noir with nice earth, beef
and black cherry flavors. There is some muscle for sure, but there is good balance that suggests a long
life ahead. The Branciforte Creek Pinot Noir comes from grapes grown in the Corralitos area. It is like
the little sister to the big brother (the Estate). Crafted in a more approachable and fruit-forward style,
it has considerable charm and style. The palate is soft, long and tasty. It sports a new, modern label as
well. At a dinner held prior to the Pinot Paradise event at Villa Generosa, Jeff generously poured both
the 1986 Santa Cruz Mountain Vineyard Estate Pinot Noir and the 1979 Santa Cruz Mountain
Vineyard Estate Pinot Noir. This was a once in a lifetime treat. The 1979 vintage was a huge wine
when it was young, and when reviewed by Robert Parker, Jr. in 1983, he advised waiting until the turn
of the century to even think about drinking it. It still has burly fruit and is fat in the mouth, but is thoroughly
approachable and quite enjoyable now. The color was still vibrant and tasted blind, one would
never guess the wine was almost 30 years old. The 1986 is drinking perfectly with attractive earthy and
mushroom aromas and flavors. Since Burnap sold the estate vineyard, the last estate Pinot Noir will be
2004. Jeff and his winery dogs, Iris and Zima, are pictured below. The latest releases, as well as some
older vintages, are offered on the website at www.santacruzmountainvineyard.com. Jeff also crafts a
number of other interesting reds.
Silver Mountain Vineyards I did a feature on this winery in last year’s coverage of Pinot Paradise
(PinotFile, Vol 5, Issue 30). Owner Jerold O’Brien’s winery is near the top of the mountain with
breathtaking views, and Jerold, along with winemaker Tony Craig, are at the top of their game. Since
2003, the Pinot Noirs have been stellar. The 2003 Silver Mountain Vineyards Miller Hill Vineyard
Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir ($38) was a favorite when tasted last year (“beautifully composed,
balanced and sleek”), and after re-tasting it this year my impressions still hold. The 2004 Silver
Mountain Vineyards Miller Hill Vineyard Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir is a lighter version of
the same wine with slightly less complexity and aging potential. There is still a small amount of the
2003 vintage available at www.silvermtn.com. Silver Mountain has a tasting room at the winery and on
Monterey Bay. Jerold and his assistant, Mary Lindsay, are pictured at Pinot Paradise on the next page.
Sonnet Wine Cellars Tony Craig was also featured in last year’s PinotFile. Tony is a former Shakespearean
actor whose stage is now his wine cellar. After moving to California from England and hoping to find
work in Hollywood, he realized soon that he needed to pursue another career. Down to about his last
$50, he answered an ad in the newspaper for a cellar worker at David Bruce. He was hired, and within
14 months, he was a part of the winemaking team. He took to winemaking naturally, and eventually
became head of the vineyard-designate Pinot Noir program. As Tony jokes, “Only in America!” David
Bruce Winery was a regular research center for Tony and he was allowed to try many experiments
with small lots of grapes. It was through these trials that he was able to hone his winemaking style. He
likes to call himself a minimalist when it comes to crafting wine, and his winemaking goals are
elegance and balance, but not light-bodied Pinot Noir. After all, he remarks, “noir” means black and
Pinot Noir offers density to work with. Cabernet has more pigment and is easier to work with for sure,
but by guided winemaking techniques, he can stabilize the pigments that Pinot Noir does have to
bring out color. The whole process begins with vineyard management. Flavors and aromas originate
in the vineyard and you can’t influence those very much. So Tony focuses his winemaking on structure.
He likes to age his Pinot Noirs for 14-17 months using the tightest grained oak he can find. The
cooperage he uses comes from Hungary (there is tight-grained French oak but it is hard to get). The
Hungarian oak has similar aroma profiles to French oak, but offers a little different spiciness and less
tannin. Tony believes that lees add character so he mixes them, but does no racking. He uses a unique
fermentation technique to manage the cap. Instead of punch-downs or pump-overs, he uses a pulsar
system in which large bubbles of air are injected into the must from the bottom of the fermentation
tank. This stirs the wine and produces a very gentle breakup of the cap, with very little resultant abuse
of the grapes. The skins and seeds are not grated which minimizes the release of harsh tannins. All
Sonnet wines are produced at Silver Mountain Vineyards. I paid a visit to Tony at Silver Mountain and
we tasted his latest releases and some 2005 barrel samples of Tondre’s Grapefield Santa Lucia Highlands
Pinot Noir from neutral, French, and Hungarian oak barrels. The differences were striking, and
this was very instructive. As we sipped, I realized what a deep thinker Tony was. He brought up a
good question: “All winemakers talk the same talk when asked about the uniqueness of their vineyard
- coolness, fog, wind, clones (all use similar), trellising (all use VSP), leaf pulling etc. So what exactly
is it that produces a sense of place in Pinot Noir? Everyone has the same answer, but really nothing
insightful is being said.” If you figure that one out, let me or Tony know. Tony currently makes 1300
cases of four distinct Pinot Noirs from the Amber Ridge Vineyard in the Russian River Valley, Muns
Vineyard in the Santa Cruz Mountains, Tondre’s Grapefield in the Santa Lucia Highlands, and Kruse
Vineyard in York Mountain. Starting from 500 cases in 2003, he plans eventually to top out at 2,000.
Tony also makes the wines under the Silver Mountain Vineyards label along with Jerold O’Brian, and
under the Muns Vineyard label with Ed Muns.
I tasted a number of Pinot Noirs with Tony and some brief notes are included here. Basically, Tony is
looking for color, aromatics and structure and he consistently hits the mark on all three. Oak and alcohol
are never intrusive. I would say seamless is a good word. I really have become a fan. The website is www.sonnetwinecellars.com where you will find all 154 sonnets from old Will. Sonnet
wines are available at fine retail stores in the Santa Cruz and Bay area. Some are also sold at the
Silver Mountain tasting room (408-353-2278). The phone number at Sonnett is 408-353-4520.
2005 Sonnet Muns Vineyard Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir
2005 vintage in the Santa Cruz Mountains was on the ‘weighty’ side and this wine shows the bold structure
of the vintage. Again, the aromatics are enchanting featuring bright cherries, spices, and ginger. The
velvety texture alone is worth the price of admission. Perfectly balanced and thoroughly enjoyable.
2005 Sonnet Tondre’s Grapefield Santa Lucia Highlands Pinot Noir
14.5% alc.. Bottled 10 days ago. A
mix of Pommard and a little 777 clone.
The nose offers the smell of fresh-crushed red grapes with a
touch of chocolate. A masculine wine with more intensity than the Muns Vineyard bottling. Flavors are
more earthy, like a trip in the forest. Again, the velvety texture is Pinot Noir at its best. This beauty finishes
with a touch of oak, lively acid, and a hint of heat, all features that will blend and soften with aging.
Storrs Winery & Vineyards This is a small, family owned winery that works with Pinot Noir
grapes grown in the vineyards of Pleasant Valley in the Corralitos district of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
A tasting room is located at Old Sash Mill, 303 Potrero Street, No.35, in downtown Santa Cruz and is
open daily from 12:00 PM to 5:00 PM. Two wines were poured at Pinot Cruz and both were great. I drank this wine at home with some Springhill Farms Dry Jack. This cheese brought out the sweetness
of the fruit and was a match made in heaven. The Storrs website is under construction.
2004 Storrs Wildcat Ridge Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot
14.5% alc., $40. A reserve blend of selected barrels.
The Wildcat Ridge is a more structured and
complex offering. Aromas of black cherries, ripe strawberries and cola with a hint of alcohol lead to a
palate loaded with wild strawberries, toast and smoke. The texture is ridiculous - rich, thick, and mouth
coating. It is wines like this that make you look around and thank God you’re alive.
Testarossa Vineyards Rob and Diana Jensen founded
Testarossa Vineyards in 1993. Today, this is among the
largest wineries in the Santa Cruz Mountains, producing
over 15,000 cases of Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Syrah.
The winery has a long tradition of distinguished wines
sourced from vineyards throughout California (see locations
on map to right), The winery is in downtown Los
Gatos at the historic Novitiate Winery built in 1888. The
current winemaker is Bill Brosseau. www.testarossa.com.
Thomas Fogarty Winery & Vineyards I spent some enjoyable time on this trip visiting
Thomas Fogerty Winery and tasting wine with winemaker Michael Martella (pictured left). Michael
met Dr. Thomas Fogerty in 1980 while working at a large winemaking facility in the Central Valley of
California. A friend of a friend introduced them. Fogerty had been a home winemaker for 10 years,
had purchased 325 acres of land in the early 1970s, and had planted three acres of vines on Skyline
Drive in Woodside. Fogerty and Martella drank some wine together, hit it off, and Martella has been
there ever since. He helped Fogerty plan the winery and develop more vineyards (now 40 acres), and
emotionally he feels like the winery is his! Two vineyards were planted to Pinot Noir in 1982 with
heritage selection cuttings from David Bruce, probably Martini Pommard clone. The higher vineyard,
at 2000 feet, is named Langley Hill and consists of two acres, while the larger, less-elevated vineyard
of four acres is called Rapley Trail. The clones planted are not the ones Martella would choose today,
but he has learned to work with the ones he has and takes advantage of the vines’ extended age. Early
on, Pinot Noir was sourced from the Winery Lake Vineyard in Carneros. The first vintage from the
estate vineyards was in 1986. Initially the Fogerty style was full-bodied, with dark color, intense black
cherry flavors, considerable structure and tannin, and were clumsy on release. I tasted the 1991
vintage (fading with sherry notes) and the 1995 vintage which was chunky when released but has now
softened and has developed a pleasing bouquet and secondary flavors. Over the years the style has
changed as the amount of extraction has been reduced, and better balance of fruit and tannin has been
achieved. The grapes are picked riper as well. About 10-20% whole clusters are now used and the
cold soak is limited to 5 to 7 days. “Rack and return” is also employed in some vintages (ie 2004,
2005) to further soften the tannins typical of the grapes from this estate. Historically, the winery has
produced either a Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir (with purchased fruit added to estate fruit) or an
estate Pinot Noir. In special vintages, like 2003, the two vineyards were separated out, with three
bottlings: Rapley Trail Vineyard, Langley Hill Vineyard, and an Estate blend of the two. Since the
topography varies considerably within the Rapley Trail Vineyard, in some vintages specific blockdesignate
Rapley Trail Pinot Noirs are featured as well. Beginning in 2005, Michael has sourced some
Dijon clone (115, 667) grapes from the Schultze Family Vineyard in Corralitos. These grapes produce
a Pinot Noir with a different and silkier texture. He likes these clones a lot and has blended them into
his estate wines. In 2006, he will bottle the Dijon clones separately. Michael is planting some 115 and
667 clones on a part of his estate vineyard that was previously producing merlot. The merlot barely
ripened here, but made good wine. However, merlot is a tough sale these days. I tasted some barrel
samples of the Dijon clones and the bright fruitiness is quite appealing. The 2004 vintage was stellar
here, but the 2005 vintage was a disaster. Michael says it was the worst harvest ever from his vineyards
with mildew being the main culprit. Only 4 barrels (100 cases) of the 2005 Estate Pinot Noir were produced.
What grapes he did get, made for a big, rich wine. 2006 was a beautiful year with perfect
weather. The crop was big, but the wines so far lack the color and depth of 2004, so probably only a Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir will be bottled. The photo shows the beautiful pond at the entrance to
the winery with Langley Hill Vineyard in the distance.
This is one fine Pinot. The Rapley Trail vineyard-designate was first produced in 2002 and the
2002 and 2003 vintages are still available on the website at www.fogartywinery.com. The tasting room
is open from Wednesday through Sunday from 11:00 AM to 5:30 PM. The setting is breathtaking with
views of the entire Silicon Valley below. The site is popular for weddings and corporate events and a
separate facility has been set aside for these activities.
And what about Thomas Fogerty? After a successful career as a cardiovascular surgeon, innovator,
and inventor, he is now on the lecture circuit. Since inventing the balloon catheter for embolectomy
forty years ago, he has accumulated over 100 medical patents. He still hangs out and drinks wine with
Michael. He also has a healthy passion for fishing and hunting. Michael points out that Fogerty hires
good people and them turns them loose with no micromanagement. As a result Michael has been here
26 years, and likes to say, “Better to be lucky than good!”
Windy Oaks Estate Vineyards & Winery Jim and Judy Schultze are escapees from the hightech
world who have used their twenty years of interest and experience in artisan winemaking and
winegrowing to create Windy Oaks Estate. The Burgundian varieties, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, are
produced from a 15-acre vineyard located at 1,000 feet on a ridge overlooking the Monterey Bay at the
southern end of the Santa Cruz Mountains. Winemaking and viticulture here is very Burgundy themed.
The vineyard is farmed according to sustainable, organic principles with all vines being hand-tended
and directly monitored for water status. The growing season is long here with harvest typically in
mid-October. Grapes are picked at physiologic ripeness without high Nrix and have high, balanced
natural acidity. Winemaking is non-interventional. Fermentations use 50% wild yeast and last 25-30
days. No racking is done in barrel. The Schultzes travel yearly to Burgundy to meet with coopers.
They use 3-year-old-air-dried tight grain French oak barrels and age their Pinot Noir for 18-25 months.
The modern estate winery is all gravity-driven. Windy Oaks also supplies grapes to other Santa Cruz
Mountain producers, and plans are afoot to expand their vineyard holdings. I tasted two Pinot Noirs at
the event and they were both superb. Windy Oaks is quietly becoming a cult wine in the Santa Cruz
Mountains.T here is a
lot of magic in the air in Corralitos. The wines are sold through a mailing list and from the website at
www.windyoaksestate.com. Winery visits are available only by appointment or on special Santa Cruz
Mountains appellation events. The phone is 831-786-9463. One other note, readers probably think I
only drink Pinot Noir. Surprise! I also enjoy fine Chardonnay. A man needs a white wine too.
2004 Windy Oaks Estate Proprietor’s Reserve Santa Cruz Mountains Pinot Noir
The Reserve is the winery’s signature wine. This one will stand up to anything produced in
California and is everything you could hope for in a Pinot Noir. From classic Pinot aromatics of Bing
cherry and spice, through elegant, sweet and vivid fruit with a caressing texture, to a lasting finale, this is
one impressive drink. You won’t be able to get enough of this one.