PinotFile: 10.30 May 11, 2016
- Sojourn Cellars: 2014 Pinot Noirs are Wines of Emotion
- Father John Pinot Noir: Young Winemaker has French Sensibilities
- KITÁ Wines
- Sips of Recently Tasted Pinot Noir
- Brush Up on Your Pinotcabulary
Sojourn Cellars: 2014 Pinot Noirs are Wines of Emotion
Sojourn Cellars takes its name from something Plato said, “It is a common saying, and in everybody’s mouth,
that life is but a sojourn.” Owners Craig Haserot and Erich Bradley took the meaning of sojourn as a rest or
respite to be enjoyed, and started Sojourn Cellars, appropriately displaying a lawn chaise on their label and
putting superb Pinot Noir in the bottle. They could easily have modified Plato’s quote to be, “It is a common
saying, and in everybody’s mouth, that life is but a Pinot Noir.”
Craig and Erich are two buddies who met on the tennis courts of Sonoma, and along with Ellen Haserot,
formed Sojourn Cellars in 2001 with the production of 100 cases of Cabernet Sauvignon. They released their
first Pinot Noir in 2004 at the height of the ‘Sideways’ frenzy. Erich’s considerable winemaking talent led to
instant praise from the wine press, and Craig’s sales, marketing and management expertise have put a visible
face on the winery. The winery’s focus has never wavered, concentrating on vineyard designated Pinot Noir
and small bottlings of Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Erich has a solid winemaking background inspired by his family’s purchase of a 26-acre ranch in Sonoma
County’s Valley of the Moon complete with a vineyard and 500-case winery. As part of the sale, the Bradley
family was taught winemaking. Erich later studied winemaking and viticulture at University of California at Davis
and Santa Rosa Junior College. He was smart to pick out two of California’s most iconic winemakers, Richard
Arrowood of Arrowood Vineyards & Winery and David Ramey of Ramey Wine Cellars to mentor him. Erich then
made acclaimed wines for Audelssa Estate Winery in Glen Ellen, a position he still holds today. He has also
consulted for a number of wineries including Hop Kiln and HK Generations.
Craig left a career in computer software sales and moved to Sonoma County to pursue a new path. His
background in sales and marketing provided an instant compliment to Erich’s winemaking expertise. Also, he
addresses grower relations with multiple vineyards and engineered the opening of a unique Sojourn Tasting
Salon, just off the square in the town of Sonoma. Guests are welcomed to seated comparative tastings
featuring flights of Sojourn Cellars wines served in Riedel stemware in a relaxed setting. The tastings are
available by appointment daily at email@example.com. Take a sojourn and enjoy some special Pinot Noir.
The small production Sojourn Cellars wines are sold primarily through a mailing list, with limited fine restaurant
distribution. Visit the website at www.sojourncellars.com.
The 2014 vintage had early bud break and the earliest harvest on record. March rains fueled the drought stricken
vines and moderate summer weather allowed grapes to evenly ripen. Picking began in August and
ended by the end of September. Thicker skins and even ripening led to balanced and complex wines.
I have always enjoyed Sojourn Pinot Noirs and have reviewed a number of vintages. The 2014 wines were
stunners to say the least, capable of eliciting emotion, something only great Pinot Noir can do. The wines I tasted were impeccably balanced and had everything you could ask for in a California Pinot Noir,
including vineyard individuality. It is rare to have tasted a winery’s entire lineup of Pinot Noirs and found every
one stellar and worthy of celestial scores. The Riddle Vineyard, Reuling Vineyard, Ridgetop Vineyard and
Wohler Vineyard Pinot Noirs will be released in the fall 2016. A Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir and Gap’s Crown
Pinot Noir were also produced in the 2014 vintage and were part of the spring release.
2014 Sojourn Riddle Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.4% alc., pH 3.61, TA 0.58, 350 cases, $59. Released fall 2016. Vineyard is located
north of Occidental on the second ridge from the Pacific Ocean in the Green Valley of Russian River Valley AVA. Clones are 115, Mt. Eden and Pommard
planted in sandy loam Goldridge soils in 2008. 100% de-stemmed. Open-top fermentation with native yeasts, aged in French oak barrels, 50% new. Bottled unfined and unfiltered.
Moderately dark reddish purple hue in the glass. Beautifully
perfumed with hi-tone scents of dark berry jam and Asian 5-spice. Mid weight plus in style with a
strong physique, yet charming and nimble. The dark berry core really grabs on to the mid palate and
holds through a fruit-laden finish. The wine has a trim oak compliment and a thick yet lubricating
2014 Sojourn Reuling Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.4% alc., pH 3.68, TA 0.58, 275 cases, $69. Released fall 2016. This 12.2-acre vineyard is located between
Graton and Forestvllle. Planted in 2000 under direction of Mark Aubert and Peter Michael Winery. Heritage clones (Calera and two suitcase selections from Vosne-Romanee) are planted in Goldridge soils. Native yeast fermentation in open-top vats, aged in French oak barrels, 50% new. Bottled unfined and unfiltered.
Moderate reddish purple color in the glass. Heady aromas of black cherry, sous-bois, woodland and nutty oak. Both fruity and savory on the velvety
palate, with flavors of black cherry and dark red raspberry enhanced with a light tough of toasty oak. A subtle
savory herbal imprint runs in the background. Juicy, with noticeable but tame tannins and impressive length on
a finish that is reluctant to give up.
2014 Sojourn Ridgetop Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.4% alc., pH 3.66, TA 0.56, 250 cases, $59. Released fall 2016. Vineyard is owned and managed by Thomas Rivers Brown, Fred Schrader and Ulises Valdez and is located
in the northern Sonoma Coast near Annapolis. The site is surrounded by redwoods at about 1,100 feet elevation. There is a notable maritime influence, with fog ever
present and receding each day. Clones 115, 667 and 777 blended together after being separately fermented in open-tops with native yeast. Aged in French oak barrels, 50% new. Bottled unfined and unfiltered.
Moderately dark reddish purple color in the
glass. Gorgeous aromas of strawberry cherry and rose petal. Intriguing on the palate with a charge of
black cherry, black raspberry, blueberry and spice flavors delivering a real mouthful of pleasure.
Impeccably balanced, with a cashmere mouthfeel and a remarkable finish that offers good cut, length
and a baby oil exit.
2015 Sojourn Wohler Vineyard Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
14.2% alc., pH 3.62, TA 0.59, 500 cases, $48. Released fall 2016. This vineyard was replanted in 2006 and is located
in the heart of the Russian River Valley in Forestville. Clones are Wädenswil 2A, 115, 667 and “828” planted in Goldridge
soil. 100% de-stemmed, open-top native fermentation, aged in French oak barrels, 50% new, and bottled unfined and unfiltered.
Moderate reddish purple hue in the glass. Shy, but pleasing aromas of cherry and sandalwood that pick up
intensity over time in the glass. Like cherry pie day at baking class, with a discreetly concentrated core of fresh
red cherries and baking spices. Quite elegant and charming, with a silky countenance, weightless tannins, and
cherry goodness that hangs on at the finish. The lightest weighted wine in the 2014 lineup, but one that I liked
more and more as I tasted it over time in the glass. It seemed to sneak up on me and give up its charms slowly.
2014 Sojourn Sangiacomo Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.5% alc., pH 3.64, TA 0.57,1,350 cases, $59. Released
spring 2016. Sourced from Roberts Road Vineyard in the
Petaluma Gap region. Clones 115, 777 and Swan. Grapes were
allowed to hang on the vine until late harvest. 100% destemmed,
native yeast fermentation, aged in 50% new French
oak barrels. Bottled unfined and unfiltered August 2015.
Moderately dark reddish purple color in the glass. The intoxicating nose
is complex, offering scents of cherry, strawberry, spice, earth and exotic
bouquet. A vibrant wine on the palate that features well-spiced redder
fruits framed by poised acidity and toned tannins. Silky in texture, and
deftly balanced, with an intensely fruited finish reminiscent of a perfectly
ripened, sweet strawberry. This wine is the best I have ever tasted from
2014 Sojourn Rodgers Creek Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.2% alc., pH 3.68, TA 0.57,
775 cases, $48. Released spring 2016. This vineyard is located in the Petaluma Gap high on a ridge.
Some whole cluster fermented Pommard clone is blended with clone 777. 15% whole cluster. Native
yeast fermentation, aged in 50% new French oak barrels. Bottled unfined and unfiltered in July 2015.
Moderately dark reddish purple color in the glass. The nose is more savory than fruity, offering aromas
of potpourri with redder fruits in the background. The intense attack of perfectly ripened cherry fruit is
almost numbing, yet the wine is focused and refined. There is plenty of savory spices and a light hand
with oak. The satiny texture is very comforting, and the finish has grand cru length. A perfect marriage of fruit
and savory nuances.
Father John Pinot Noir: Young Winemaker has French Sensibilities
Winemaker Nicholas Maloney is a Sonoma native who operates Father John Wines, dedicated to the late
Reverend, John Weaver, a renowned Episcopalian priest and Nick’s grandfather. Nicholas has spent
considerable time in Burgundy, having studied at and graduated from the world-renown Lycée Viticole in
Beaune. He has developed his winemaker skills with stints at Maison Ilan in Nuits-Saint-Georges, and
Domaine Rollin in Pernand-Verglesses as well as Clos du Bois and Porter-Bass in California.
Father John was launched in 2010 with a Pinot Noir from Oehlman Vineyard on Vine Hill Road in Graton. The
2014 Father John Pinot Noir is currently one of the few American Pinot Noirs to be found on restaurant lists in
Burgundy and is especially popular with the Swiss, Belgians, Danish and English. With the 2015 vintage, he
has added a vineyard in Mendocino County that has Martini clone Pinot Noir vines dating to 1968, and a
vineyard on Mendocino Ridge. He is also releasing a Bourgogne wine he crafted in France and imported to the
United States. Father John wines are sold mainly to Europe with exports making up over 60% of total sales. In
the United States, New York, Colorado and the San Francisco Bay area are the top markets, with increasing
interest from Asia.
I recently visited Nicholas at his family’s apple farm just outside the city limits of Sebastopol where he has
planted a vineyard on the hillsides of the ranch. He is hoping to make a single vineyard Pinot Noir from this
new planting in 2017. I tasted two barrel samples from Mendocino County with 100% whole cluster and found
them very engaging. Each year that Nicholas has been making Pinot Noir he has used less new oak and de-stemmed
Father John Pinot Noir is sold through a mailing list at www.fatherjohnwinery.com. Tasting is available at the
Maloney family ranch in Sebastopol by appointment.
2012 Father John Oehlman Vineyard Reserve Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
13.5% alc., $55 (sold out).
Some whole cluster. Aged 11 months on lees in French oak barrels. Fined but not filtered.
Light cherry red color
in the glass. Aromas of cherry and sandalwood lead to a middleweight styled wine with vivid flavors of red
cherry, cranberry and raspberry, framed by a kiss of oak. Elegantly composed, with very bright acidity
complimenting the juicy, slightly tart finish.
2013 Father John Oehlman Vineyard Reserve Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
12.5% alc., $55 (sold out).
Moderately light reddish purple
color in the glass. Sexy aromas of Bing cherry, spice and raspberry
preserves. Very elegant, but highly flavorful, featuring a cherry-driven
core of vibrant fruit framed by silky tannins, integrated acidity, and
finishing with plenty of cherry goodness. A beautiful wine that hits the
mark in this vintage.
2014 Father John Les Luteniéres Bourgogne France Pinot Noir
13.0% alc., $80. Imported by Maison
Harbour LLC, Travelers Rest, South Carolina.
Moderately light reddish purple color in the glass. The nose
offers a mix of cherry fruit and savory earthy aromas. Earth-blessed, modestly sweet flavors of cherry,
raspberry and cranberry are quite inviting. The overall impression denotes sauvage, with a noticeable oak
input. Nicely balanced, improving over time in the glass, with a modest but satisfying finish. This wine was
tasted two days after opening from a re-corked bottle indicating it has good prospects for longevity.
Tara Gomez is a Native American who grew up in Santa Maria, and with the help of a scholarship from her
tribe, the Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, attended California State University Fresno where she studied
enology. She graduated as one of two women with a BS in Enology in 1998. Her winemaking career has
included experiences at Fess Parker Winery and J. Lohr Vineyards & Winery. While at J. Lohr, she started her
own label, Kalawashaq’ Wine Cellars making Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Merlot and Syrah.
After nine years at J. Lohr, she spent two years polishing her winemaking skills in Spain.
In 2010, the Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians bought the Camp 4 Vineyard located on 1,400 acres of
ancestral land from Fess Parker, and Tara was hired as winemaker. Parker had planted 256 acres of grapes on
the land and named the property Camp 4. The first wines Gomez crafted from this property, Sauvignon Blanc,
Grenache Blanc, Grenache, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon, were bottled in 2012. Tribe members chose a
name for the winery associated with this vineyard that holds significance to the Chumash: Kita (KEE-ta) means
“our valley oak” in Samala language. The Chumash believe the valley oak is a true gift from our creator,
providing not only strength but nourishment to people. There are many valley oak trees in the vineyard and the
label features tree growth rings.
Tara is believed to be the first person of native descent in the United States who operates both a winery and
The wines are placed in restaurants at Chumash Casino, Hotel Corque and Hadsten House, as well as at other
tribal casino restaurants throughout California. The wines are also available on the website at
2014 Kitá Hilliard Bruce Vineyard Sta. Rita Hills Pinot Noir
13.0% alc., $55.
Moderately light reddish purple
color in the glass. Seductive aromas of black cherry, spice, rose petal and toast rise from the glass, leading to a
lighter weighted wine that is sleek and elegant. Flavors of black cherry, exotic spice, tea and char enliven the
palate and carry over to a delicate, but satisfying finish. The soft tannins are well matched, and the wine is very
easy to cozy up to.
2014 Kitá Hilliard Bruce Vineyard Sta. Rita Hills Chardonnay
13.0% alc., pH 3.20, TA 6.75, 189
cases, $30. Harvest Brix 22.0º. Aged in stainless steel for 8 months.
Delicate golden yellow color in
the glass. The nose is very becoming, with delicate aromas of lemon oil, apple, grapefruit and a hint
of vanilla. Light and ethereal in style, with delightful lemon and pear flavors framed with a bright cut
of acidity. Velvety in the mouth with good length on the lemon-lime inspired finish. A charming wine
that seems to walk on tip toes.
Sips of Recently Tasted Pinot Noir
2013 Kokomo Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
14.1% alc., $36.
Moderately light cherry red color in the
glass. The shy perfume of cherry, oak spice and dried herbs is a prelude to a light to mid weight styled wine
featuring a black cherry fruit core with toasty oak in the background. Silky on the palate, with a touch of spice
and balanced acidity. Solid but not special.
2013 LaRue Rice-Spivak Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
alc., 125 cases, $70. Sourced from a 6-acre vineyard south of the town
of Sebastopol. Goldridge sandy loam and volcanic ash soils. Dijon and
Swan clones. Aged 20 months in French oak barrels, 40% new.
Moderate reddish purple color in the glass with an unfiltered appearance.
Intoxicating aromas of sweet cherries, exotic spices and rose petal.
Admirable richness and fullness on the mid palate with saucy flavors of
cherries, spice, smoke and jerky. A floral note lurks in the background.
Melded tannins, vivacious acidity and long on the finish. Amazing
phenolic concentration at this low ABV. Did I mention superb balance?
2013 LaRue Coastlands Vineyard Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
13.4% alc., 50 cases, $75. This iconic
vineyard’s fruit goes primarily into COBB bottlings. The vineyard sits at 900 to 1,200 feet elevation overlooking
the Pacific Ocean. A blend of Pommard, Martini and Wädenswil clones. Aged 20 months in French oak barrels,
Moderate cherry red color in the glass. This wine is a whole cluster wonderland. Aromas of exotic
spices, black cherry and wood sap lead to mid weight styled wine with many nuances including dark red
raspberry, cherry, cranberry, tea leaf, gingerbread spice, bourbon and smoke flavors. Flat-out delicious, with a
silky demeanor, tight acidity, cashmere tannins and welcome finishing interest. There is plenty to ponder in this
elegantly styled wine that will especially appeal to whole cluster fans.
2014 Pfendler Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.2% alc., 400 cases, $45.
Estate grown from Kimberly Pfendler’s family property in the Petaluma
Gap, crafted by winemaker Greg Bjornstad.
Moderate reddish purple
color in the glass. Nicely perfumed with aromas of brandy infused black
cherries, baking spices and toast. Enviable attack and mid palate
presence of mid weight black cherry, black raspberry, spice and floral
flavor elements infused with good acidity. Fresh, lively, and satisfying in
every way. Still very appealing the following day from a previously
opened and re-corked bottle predicting good age ability.
2014 Sonoma-Loeb Dutton Ranch Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
14.5% alc., $40.
reddish purple color in the glass. Pleasant aromas of blackberry, black raspberry, spice and vanilla fade a bit
over time in the glass. Mid weight plus sappy flavors of darker berries with complimentary oak seasoning.
Suave in the mouth, with matched tannins and a fruit-driven finish.
2014 Sonoma-Loeb Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir
14.5% alc., $27.
Moderately dark reddish purple
color in the glass. Enticing aromas of blueberry-pomegranate, dried rose petal and mulch. A full-on
attack of black cherry fruit saturates the palate but the wine retains a silky, focused touch. Well-structured,
with hints of smoke and toast in the background. Some length on the finish that leaves a
slight sense of warmth in its wake.
2014 Sphere Monterey County Pinot Noir
13.8% alc., $6.99. This is a featured wine in the spring Trader
Joe’s Fearless Flyer newsletter. In amongst descriptions of many offerings including whole milk Greek honey
yogurt and dark chocolate covered peaberry coffee beans, you will find this wine highlighted. It is said to have
been crafted for Trader Joe’s Markets by a winemaker with deep roots in California wine country and is 100%
Moderately light cherry red color in the glass. Well-perfumed with scents of strawberry, black cherry
and spice. The light weight core of red cherry fruit is accented with complimentary oak and framed by modest
tannins making for easy imbibing. The wine is a bit shallow and lacks much finish, but it is not oaky like so
many value-priced Pinot Noirs and satisfies all the criteria for a Pinot Noir varietal. At this price, it is hard to
complain. This would be a great wedding wine.
Bob Cabral, formerly of Williams Selyem and now the winemaker at Three Sticks has been crafting wine for 35
years and these two wines represent the first of the Three Sticks 2014 wines made along with associate
winemaker Ryan Prichard.
2014 Three Sticks Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
14.5% alc., 614 cases, $60. 20% whole cluster. Aged 10
months in 100% French oak barrels, 60% new.
Moderately light reddish purple color in the glass. A sleek and
silky wine that offers aromas of Bing cherries, rose petal and sandalwood and mid weight flavors of black
cherry, blueberry, plum sauce, spice and cola. The finish is notable for some sweet cherry intensity and modest
length. Not a “typical” Russian River Valley offering as to lushness of fruit, but enjoyable.
2014 Three Sticks Bien Nacido Vineyard Santa Maria Valley Pinot Noir
13.9% alc., 243 Cases, $60. 22%
whole cluster. Aged 10 months in 100% French oak barrels, 40% new.
Moderate reddish purple color in the
glass. A mix of aromas including black cherry, black raspberry, floral bouquet, mulch and toasty oak fade a bit
over time in the glass. Silky in the mouth, with mid weight plus flavors of earthy black cherry and Middle
Eastern spices. The immersed tannins and balanced acidity make for easy drinking.
2012 Wind Racer Anderson Valley Pinot Noir
14.5% alc., 1,007 cases, $50.
Moderate reddish purple color
in the glass. The nose picks up intensity over time in the glass, offering scents of very ripe black raspberry,
ollaliberry and plum with a subtle mushroom note. Lush on the palate, with copious amounts of purple and
black fruits accented with hints of pennyroyal, smoke, tar and vanilla. A ripe, bold style wine with tucked in
tannins, good juiciness and some finishing generosity. A fine wine but the fruit really pushes the ripeness
2012 Wind Racer Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
14.5% alc., 1,527 cases, $50.
Moderately dark reddish
purple color in the glass. Aromas of ripe Bing cherry and dark strawberry leap from the glass. Full-bodied on
the palate, with flavors of black cherry and cola. Silky and smooth with balanced tannins and a modest finish.
This wine sports the luscious fruit typical of the Russian River Valley, but lacks the juiciness of the Anderson
Brush Up on Your Pinotcabulary
If you want to talk the Pinot talk, you need to be versed in the lexicon of Pinot Noir. Listed here are the
pertinent words and their definitions. I relinquish all proprietary claim to pinotcabulary, so use the words freely.
Pinotosity: The unique essence or soul of Pinot Noir. A Pinot Noir is said to have pinotosity when it is
irresistible, mesmeric and brings you to your knees.
Pinotholicism: The religion of Pinot Noir. Members of the congregation usually join the church after an
epiphany with Pinot Noir, subsequently believing that Pinot Noir brings you as close to God as any wine can.
Followers offer a significant percentage of their monthly income to the high priests such as Ted Lemon, Josh
Jensen and Richard Sanford. Members congregate over multiple bottles of Pinot Noir to smell and taste and
pray to the holy grape. The member’s bible is North American Pinot Noir by John Haeger.
Pinotology: The science of Pinot Noir. It is often considered esoteric and beyond comprehension by Cabernet
drinkers. Some dissenters feel there is no science at all involved in the making of great Pinot Noir, believing
that luck and prayer are more important factors (see pinotholicism). The recommended scientific reference is
The Heartbreak Grape by Marq De Villiers.
Pinotspeak: The language of Pinot Noir. These are the words used to describe the sensuality and personality
of Pinot Noir. A large portion of the entire human repertoire of smell and taste descriptors has been invoked at
one time or another to convey a taster’s Pinot Noir drinking experience. Examples: silky, sexy, sinful,
intoxicating, exotic, winegasm, ethereal, roseate, wild cherry sprinkled with herbs, Chinese five-spice, kid
leather, sandalwood, forest floor, smoked bacon, and so on. Wine writers tend to have the greatest imagination
and the largest pinotspeak vocabulary. The Pinotspeak dictionary is the novel Sideways by Rex Pickett that is
filled with hyperbolic hosannas to Pinot Noir.
Pinotformation: The lineup of several empty bottles of Pinot Noir on a table after a night of revelry.
Pinoterroirist: A firm believer in the importance of terroir in creating distinctive and uniquely recognizable Pinot
Noir. This term should not be confused with pinoterrorist, one that strikes suddenly at wineries and
wine shops and scoops up all the desirable bottles of a small production Pinot Noir.
Pinot Geek:The outwardly normal people you picked on for being so knowledgeable about Pinot Noir, but you now buy the wines they make. Pick on a Pinot Geek and you will regret it the rest of your life. Pinot Geek is to be distinguished from Pinot Nerd in that the Geek has social skills and fits in well at Pinot Noir tastings.
Pinotphile: An ardent devotee of Pinot Noir who is similar to a Pinot Geek but less geeky. A lover of Pinot Noir
in all its glorious forms, the pinotphile usually has an impressive cellar containing cases of ultra premium Pinot
Noir, and loves to share the wines with others. The pinotphile usually knows the Fedex delivery person on a
first name basis.
Pinot Queen: A female pinotphile. Known to often control Pinot Noir purchases in a family, she usually has an
exquisite palate for Pinot Noir, and eagerly seeks out only the good stuff.
Pinotaficionado: Similar to a pinotphile, but used by those who prefer a more distinguished title and one that
will not be confused with that other word - pedophile. Spelling can be tricky.
Pinoteers: Small groups of pinotphiles united for travel and drinking purposes. Think of the Three Muskateers
armed with corkscrews.
Pinot Pimp: A wine writer who induces others to seek out recommended Pinot Noirs. I have been accused of
this by pinotaficionados. One recently said, “Now I empty my bank account at wineries nobody has ever heard
of, on wines nobody has ever drank except you. You have ruined me and I love it.”
Pinot Sluts: Consumers who jump from one Pinot Noir brand to another searching for high scoring wines with no loyalty to any brand.
Vitamin P: Pinot Noir